(We will speak only if visual art. Since I am no expert I will use ‘maybe’ and ‘perhaps’ frequently. I will ask the questions which maybe will help us appreciate art better).
Before we start let’s get ourselves familiarised with each other. So please give a brief introduction about yourself and let me know the following:
city you come from,
What do you think is ‘Art Appreciation’?
How do you think, is this lecture going to help you in your career as a designer?
do you think you are an artist
(Okay these seem the wrong kind of questions to ask and i’ll change them in eventually but I do want yes or no type of questions initially-don’t want to embarrass anyone, want everyone to participate).
Before we do any of that we need to understand ‘What is Art?
Look at the following pictures and write which ones do you think are Art and which are not?
So we generally call works ‘Art’ based on,
- Skill & Technique
- Expresssion & Content
- Originality of Form (Physical Appearance)
- Originality of Content (or concept)
- Materials (Marble, Oil Paints)
- Mass Production
- Intent of Artist
- Authority of Art World – galleries, auctions, critiques, museums
- Utilitarian Function – contemplation, decorative arts also functional, advertising, CD Covers, functional objects may not be beautiful to look at but still art.
- Definition of art changes time to time.
Art has never been as accessible as it is today.
The first question that comes to our minds is “I am a designer, why do I need to learn ‘art appreciation’?”
What is the difference between a designer and an artist? Will it perhaps sell to my customer more easily if it is aesthetically pleasing? If I make something which is useful or ‘solves a problem’ also aesthetically pleasing, am I an artist? We go to museums (because every educated person does and the ubercool are supposed to). So we see this painting and pretend to like it. In reality we are standing in awkward silence and thinking: Really? This is art? I could make that. What am I seeing? What am I supposed to see? Why the f**k is it so expensive?
So what is art? Why do we humans seem to like art so much?
Do we ‘like’ art because it’s pretty? Makes us happy. Because we like things to be ‘beautiful” “positive” “happy” “serene”(Monet, Van Gogh, Renoir, landscapes, murals).
But then there are paintings which make us so sad (The break up, Degas, prostitutes sleeping, Callibotte letter from war,) or are grotesque (vegetable paintings, da Vinci’s ugly ones, Picasso self portrait).
We hear people use phrases like: you can’t see art you have to feel art. We are ‘moved’ by a painting, We are ‘drawn to it’. Perhaps art ‘completes’ us. It counterbalances what’s missing in us, perhaps because it contains doses of what we are missing in our lives. It could be the magical world that we wish was ours-it’s tender and serene while in reality we are not. Or maybe it’s the drama and action which we is missing in our lives (but we would rather see it on canvas and not so much in real life).
So when we speak of compensation perhaps the art of a times perhaps tries to compensate what’s lacking in a society.Sometimes the whole society falls in love with an art style. Like the the Renaissance in 15thc Italy during all that political strife or the Pre-Raphaelites in Britain in the 19th century-beauty to counter the effect of brutal industrialisation. Art of a country gives us clues to what the country is maybe ‘missing’ in them.
Art glamourises what might be mundane- Dürer’s grass, Van Gogh’s oranges, Marcel Duchamp’s toilet installations (artist’s shit), constable’s skies. Brings things we ignore on the red carpet. (Show these on red carpet with celebs).
Art says 1. Have hope (prettiness) 2. It’s okay to be sad 3. It’s okay to live vicariously through art 4. Oranges are important too.
Don’t let yourself be led by what the ‘experts’ have to say about art. Find your own meaning. You don’t have to ‘like’ art because it’s cool to do so (modern art) or because everyone likes it (Monalisa) so you are supposed to too. But like listening to music it’s personal. There are no rules. So don’t let anyone tell you what is the right kind of art that you are supposed to like.
However we will try to answer our original question ‘what am I seeing here’ by finding out what others maybe seeing. This will help you decide whether you like what you are seeing or not.
Who thinks they’re an artist?
Why do we make art? Why should there be art at all? Why should it be of any economic value?
Kids explaining art.
First there was the line.
Making sense of ‘ Modern’ Art.
Which are your favourite paintings out of these?
Kantian definition of art: the work of art has no other utilitarian purpose–is not useful for any practical function.
ART AND ARCHITECTURE
some architects will focus largely on utilitarian design while others will see buildings almost as vary large sculptures with some practical constraints.They need to understand space and ion particular how people will react emotionally to their designs and equally need a good sense to materials, line, form and proportion form an aesthetic perspective.
So really there is a continuum from pure technical design through product design to art.
The 4th dimension. Aka time. Generally art is considered a stationary piece. You can view it in 2 or 3D, but you generally can’t travel through it without it becoming a structure in and of itself. Architecture, unlike art, is designing an inhabitable piece of beauty and thus adding the 4th dimension, where traveling through it as time passes by makes architecture one dimension more intricate than art.
Consider it as Art is a “Superset” to the set Architecture.